2014年温尼伯市政选举(篇一)

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文/陈艺洁

(前言和标题的位置请参考第67期13页“编者按”和标题的位置关系

前言:(前言两字加粗,段字体与正文有所区

本栏目将发表系列文章探讨关于2014年温尼伯市政选举议题。通过深入浅出地介绍各选举人以及他们的竞选政纲,我们希望以此为桥梁探讨温尼伯当地问题以及对华人社区的影响。

 

 

2014年温尼伯市长选举注册已于5月1日正式启动。至截稿日共有七名市长候选人正式注册。市议员选举注册将于6月30日正式开始。近日,已注册的候选人已经开始在各大媒体上博取版面,增加曝光率。拉票活动正式开始!

 

“选举是一种正式的决策过程,由人们投票选出某个职位的人选”。[1] 在市政选举中,温尼伯居民以一人一票的形式选出最能代表民意的候选人,或是该候选人提出的竞选政纲最符合当地需要。温尼伯市政选举不以政党为单位(加拿大联邦选举和省级选举是以政党为单位)。尽管如此,很多候选人仍是某个政党的成员或支持者。

 

为什么我们要参与选举的投票呢?首先,自公元前六世纪古希腊民主政体形成以来,投票制度一直是民主的重要组成部分。其次,诸多与民生有关的公共服务均由市政府提供(例如:警察部门,消防部门,公用事业,城市规划和发展,中小学基础教育管理局,公共安全和城市基础设施建设等),因此,选出的市长和议员是否有能力代表民意领导和规划显得尤为重要。第三,华人移民是温尼伯第三大移民群。在加拿大也有不少参政的加籍华人(例如曼省总督李绍麟Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba, Philip S. Lee;在多伦多市长竞选中领先的候选人邹至蕙Olivia Chow)。众所周知,政客关心的是投票的选民。我们常常听到“华人社区没有权力”这样的谈论。如果华人社区能积极参与投票,让候选人了解华人社区关心的话题,我们就能发出自己的声音并保障我们的切身利益。(该句话单独列出做为引用,参考672627页)

 

关于市议员的选举,我们首先需要了解自己所在的选区以及该选区的候选人。例如,温尼伯唐人街属于Point Douglas选区;Osborne Village和市中心的一部分属于Fort Rouge – East Fort Garry选区;温尼伯大学属于Daniel McIntyre选区;曼尼托巴大学及周围区域属于St. Norbert选区。其他各选区请参见市政府网站地图www.winnipeg.ca/council/wardmap.

 

 

资料来源:料来源附在文章后或面下方)

[1] http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/election

 

陈艺洁:毕业于曼尼托巴大学,理学硕士学位(M.Sc.)。她曾是曼大研究生学生会(University of Manitoba Graduate Students’ Association)副主席(Vice-President Academic),并活跃于校园和社区活动。她对于本地政治(local politics)和城市规划政策(city planning policies)感兴趣。

 

 

(选举小常识做为一个单独的小版块,加边框,每条前加要点标记)

选举小常识(一)

  • 温尼伯市政选举每四年举行一次,为10月份的第四个星期三;
  • 选举将产生市长(Mayor),市议员(City Councillor)以及学务委员(School Trustee);
  • 正式投票日:2014年10月22日(周三);
  • 预投票日:2014年9月29日(周一)——10月17日(周五);
  • Q:谁可以成为候选人?

A:候选人需满足以下条件:1)为加拿大公民;2)在选举日当日年满18周岁;3)为曼尼托巴省居民;4)拥有选民资格;5)未因任何法律原因被取消参选资格。

 

 

英文篇一的英文稿,正文可分两排版)

 

2014 City Election (part I)

– How the Winnipeg election will impact you, and how you can impact the election

Jennifer Chen

 

前言位于标题下方,字体与正文有所区别,前言不必分两栏

Preamble:

This will be a series of articles about the 2014 Winnipeg civic election, which will hopefully engage and increase participation within the Chinese community in the municipal electoral process. In order to explain why the Chinese community should be engaged in the upcoming city election, the next two editions will discuss important issues facing Winnipeg, as well as candidates’ platforms and opinions on how to address those issues.

 

 

 

Registration for the 2014 City of Winnipeg Election has officially opened for Mayoral candidates as of May 1st. By the publication date of this article, seven candidates have officially announced their intentions to run. Candidates and potential candidates are already vying for public support, and are making headlines in major local media outlets. This means the city election is definitely underway.

 

Election is “a formal and organized choice by vote of a person for a political office or other position”. [1] In a municipal election, citizens of Winnipeg are able to cast a single vote towards whichever candidate they feel best matches their own views. There are no official political parties involved in Winnipeg municipal elections (though many candidates are members of political parties).

 

Why is it important for us to vote in an election? First of all, voting is a key to democracy. Secondly, because the municipal government provides local services (e.g., policing and firefighting), public utilities, city planning and development, education management, safety and infrastructure for communities, it is important for people to be aware of the issues facing Winnipeg and its residents and to ensure a proper representation of our communities. Thirdly, Chinese immigrants are the third fastest growing immigrant groups in Winnipeg. In fact, Chinese Canadians hold political positions across the country. Philip Lee is the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba, and Olivia Chow is a leading contender for the Mayor of Toronto. Politicians are about people who vote, so one might say that our vote is our “political capital”. Therefore, if the Chinese community participates in voting, and if we can let candidates know and understand our issues, then our voice will be better heard. We hear far too often that we, as a Chinese community, are not considered to be the same as other groups of Canadians – that we have no power – but when we vote, we have equal power.

 

In order to practice your right to choose a Councillor who listen and represent your interests, it is essential to know the Council candidates in your ward. For example, Chinatown belongs to the Point Douglas Ward, Osborne Village and part of the downtown area belong to Fort Rouge – East Fort Garry Ward, the University of Winnipeg belongs to the Daniel McIntyre Ward, and the area around the University of Manitoba belongs to the St. Norbert Ward. For a full map of municipal election wards to help you know which ward you belong in, visit www.winnipeg.ca/council/wardmap.

 

Source:料来源位于面下方)

[1] http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/election

 

(作者介字体可用斜体)Jennifer Chen is a graduate with an M.Sc. in Kinesiology at the University of Manitoba. She was the Vice-President Academic of the Graduate Students’ Association and has been actively involved in the campus and broader community for four years. She is interested in local politics and city planning policies.

 

 

2014年温尼伯市政选举(篇二)

——谁是谁?

文/陈艺洁

 

在市政选举中,市长选举无疑是所有人的焦点,因为市长是议会之首,又是市政府的行政长官。这也是为什么同时举行的多伦多市长选举吸引了大批新闻记者的注目——也许温尼伯和多伦多有一点相似之处,那就是我们都有一位引起诸多争议的现任市长。

 

市长候选人大多会选择在8月至9月间集中发布他们的竞选政纲。本期将主要介绍各候选人的从政背景并一“奖项”供读者一笑。

 

  • Gord Steeves——“第一位宣布参选的候选人(加大一号字号,加粗,加要点标记)

尽管因宣布参选太早而被给予初次违反竞选规则的警告,Gord仍然自信认为自己是最适合市长位置的人选。他主要提出五点竞选纲领:城市基础设施建设,居民安全,地产税,决策透明度以及市中心的建设发展。Gord曾于2011年以保守党候选人的身份参选曼尼托巴省级选举,但未当选。

 

  • Gordon Warren——“第一位正式注册的候选人(加大一号字号,加粗,加要点标记)

也许现在还没有人认识这位本地博主(blogger),但他绝对是最积极的一位,因而成为第一位注册的候选人。不过注册后他首次出现在媒体上的形象却有待商榷。因为他在博客上使用“最终解决方案” (final solution)——纳粹德国谋杀欧洲所有犹太人的计划代号——这一措辞来形容现任市长Sam Katz而引起了不少争议。在这场竞争中,他需要用行动向选民们证明他是认真对待此次市长选举的。

 

  • Michael Vogiatzakis——“励志哥 (加大一号字号,加粗,加要点标记)

和Gord Steeves一样,Michael也因宣布参选太早而被给予初次违反竞选规则的警告。不过,Michael绝对是励志哥的代表。他本打算于注册开始的第一日就登记竞选资格,由于不能提供在温尼伯居住的证明而无法成为注册第一人。在宣布参选后有媒体爆料,他曾有过两次犯罪记录。如今Michael在当地经营一家殡仪馆。之前他曾经营一家DJ音乐公司,但公司毁于一场大火,他弟弟也因纵火罪被起诉。他宣布如果当选市长,将引进一种能填补温尼伯马路上坑洞的先进技术以解决这一长期困扰本地居民的问题。

 

  • Michel Fillion——“人大跌眼的候 (加大一号字号,加粗,加要点标记)

做为一名脱衣舞娱乐公司的经理,Michel宣布竞选市长一事恐怕出乎所有人意料。在自我介绍中他写道,他“拥有独特视角和判断力,是市长的不二人选”。[1] 也许在这次市长竞选中,我们做为选民还真要拥有辨别真伪的能力呢。

 

  • Brian Bowman——“最像Sam Katz的候选人 (加大一号字号,加粗,加要点标记)

做为一名保守党党员和一位生意人,Brian被认为与Sam Katz当年极其相似。两人都是商人,且都试图与“政客”之名做切割——Brian从未在议会中任职(尽管两人均是众所周知的保守党支持者)。Brian自述是“新一代领导人”并将保证市政府决策透明化、公开化。媒体认为Brian认识当地诸多“政治、经济精英”,因此他需要首先证明“新一代领导人”的称号是实至名归而非空有虚名。目前Brian宣称他支持温尼伯高速交通网的二期建设以及适当提高地产税。

 

  • Paula Havixbeck——她的勇气无可置疑

这名女议员一直是温尼伯市政府政策委员会的批评者,也对市政府的管理方法一直颇有微词。Paula认为首要做的是让市政府对议会负责以及改变管理层管理不善的现状。可以预见的是,她的竞选政纲将以重组政策委员会,消防局工程丑闻和新警察总部大楼建设成本超支等议题为主。虽然她面临来自保守党派的压力希望她不要参选,但她的勇气无可置疑。

 

 

  • Judy Wasylycia-Leis——“践出真知? (加大一号字号,加粗,加要点标记)

Judy曾是曼省新民主党文化、遗产和旅游部长(1986-1988),1997至2010年任加拿大国会议员,长期活跃于社区服务和促进温尼伯北部社区的发展。2010年,她参选温尼伯市长,得到近9万1千张选票(约占选票的42.8%),在四位候选人中位列第二。对于自己长期的新民主党身份,Judy也从不讳言。

 

此次市长竞选公开民调显示,Judy得到超过40%的支持率。分析认为此支持率来自她长期的从政经验以及在省、联邦议会中的良好记录(未与丑闻沾边)。

 

  • Sam Katz——“最具争议的候选人(加大一号字号,加粗,加要点标记)

至截稿日,Katz市长尚未公布竞选计划。虽然最近几年深陷丑闻风波,他已多次在参选问题上改变口风。从消防局换地丑闻到警察总部大楼的审计风波,从市政府前行政执行官的突然辞职到因一场圣诞晚宴引发的利益冲突,似乎近几年争议总是围绕着市政府。尽管如此,分析认为在Katz市长执政期间,温尼伯市中心的建设和发展有了长足进步。然而,如多伦多市长Rob Ford一般的丑闻加剧了温尼伯市议会的分裂,丑闻风波也将是本次市长竞选中不可避免的话题。

 

  • Scott Fielding——“新闻制造者(加大一号字号,加粗,加要点标记)

现任市议员Scott Fielding一直是媒体认为参选的热门之一。Scott当选“新闻制造者”是因为他公开批评一系列市政府的决定,包括候选人Brian Bowman公开支持的温尼伯高速交通网二期工程和市议会表决通过的“大学公交学生卡”。他还认为地产税提高应有上限。不过,Scott在2012年也曾公开表示要以保守党身份角逐省级选举但最终叫停,不知“狼来了”的故事是否会再次出现。

 

对选民来说,除了认识候选人,更重要的是了解他们的竞选纲领,即这些候选人是否有自己的见解和措施去解决温尼伯面临的问题,这些候选人是否有足够的智商和情商去处理市政府面临的内外事务。

 

本栏目将带您继续关注市政选举。如果有候选人上门拉选票,别忘了,你可以问他们任何你关心的问题!

 

篇可不用作者介

资料来源:面下方)

[1] http://www.winnipegsun.com/2014/05/07/stripper-agent-enters-mayor-race

 

 

 

英文篇二的英文稿,正文在一上可分两栏排版

2014 City Election (part II)

– Who’s who?

 

Jennifer Chen

 

Among all candidates in an election, mayoral candidates are always in the spotlight, because the mayor is the head of council and chief officer of the city. This is why the news and reporters are so interested in the mayoral race in the city of Toronto – maybe a similarity between Winnipeg and Toronto is that we also have a Mayor who has caused numerous controversies (although not as crazy!) just like Mayor Rob Ford in Toronto.

 

Since it is still too early for them to release their platforms, the following will be a brief introduction of the current and potential candidates, and background info you should be aware of. I have assigned an “award” to each one, to help you remember key facts about them.

(此空两行)

 

Gord Steeves(姓名加粗) – Award: First candidate who announced he will run for mayor.

 

Despite the fact that he received a first offence warning from election officials for violating election spending rules for launching his campaign too early, he is confident that he is the man for this job. His five focuses include “infrastructure, safety, taxation, transparency, and the development of downtown. In 2011, he had an unsuccessful attempt to run in the provincial election as a Progressive Conservative candidate.

(此空两行)

 

Gordon Warren (姓名加粗) – maybe nobody knows this local blogger, but he definitely holds an award in this mayoral race. Award: First candidate who filed his papers on the first day of registration. Even though his first appearance in the news after his announcement was not quite successful, he used “final solution” in his comments towards Mayor Sam Katz which is a phrase that was used for Nazi Germany’s plan during WWII to systematically murder Jewish people, he may have a number of chances to prove that he is serious in this race.

(此空两行)

 

Michael Vogiatzakis(姓名加粗) – Award: the “average Joe”?

 

Just like Gord Steeves, this owner of a funeral home also received a first offence warning for violating election spending rules. Even though he missed the opportunity to get the award of “first candidate”, he is definitely able to hold the title “the average Joe” – what doesn’t kill you makes you stronger. After failing to prove that he was a resident of Winnipeg, and surviving media reports that he has a history of convictions in the past, he finally entered into mayoral race. His goal as Mayor is to bring in a permanent solution to fix potholes that plagued Winnipeggers not only in this winter, but over many winters.

(此空两行)

 

Michel Fillion(姓名加粗) – Award: the most surprising candidate

 

As a manager of an exotic dancer entertainment company, Michel Fillion’s announcement may surprise a lot of people. He states himself as “a person with good vision and judgment, all you need to be an excellent mayor”. [1] Maybe in this mayoral race, we as voters need to be educated on candidate qualifications not just what they tell us.

(此空两行)

 

Brian Bowman(姓名加粗) – Award: the most like current Mayor Sam Katz

 

This privacy lawyer has built his profile over many years. As a Conservative and businessman, he is strikingly similar to Sam Katz when the latter was first elected in 2004. They are both charming businessmen; they both try to differentiate themselves from “party politicians” even though both Katz and Bowman are known Conservative Party supporters. Brian Bowman claims he is a “new generation of leadership” for the city hall and will bring openness and transparency to city hall. Mr. Bowman has many deep links to Winnipeg’s “elite”, so he will have to prove that he is truly “new generation” and not just the old generation in a younger body. So far, he has said that he supports rapid transit and modest property tax increases.

(此空两行)

 

Paula Havixbeck (姓名加粗)– Award: her courage is beyond all dispute.

 

This female councilor has been criticizing the Executive Policy Committee (EPC) and management in city hall. She spoke with the media that she will focus on holding city hall accountable at Council and fixing the poor management at the administrative level. Clearly, the structure of the EPC, the fire hall construction scandal, and the police-headquarters cost overruns would be one of the major parts of her platform. Even though some speculated that she may have received pressure from the right-wing to pull her intention, she decided to join the mayoral race.

 

 

Judy Wasylycia-Leis(姓名加粗) – Award: Practice makes perfect.

 

As a professional politician, she has represented her community in the North End of Winnipeg for decades. She served as a Manitoba NDP cabinet minister from 1986 to 1988, was an NDP member of the Canadian House of Commons from 1997 to 2010. In 2010, she entered into mayoral race and received 90,913 votes, 42.8%, finished in second place among four candidates. She is currently considered the favorite to win, with over 40% support in recent public opinion polls. Her biggest challenge will be proving that she can represent areas outside of Winnipeg North and Downtown.

(此空两行)

 

Sam Katz(姓名加粗) – Award: the “hasn’t announced” candidate who has the most controversies.

 

Despite being in the epicenter of several controversies, he has changed his mind about running a few times since last year. Now we are all waiting for his announcement in June on whether he will run again. His past few years have been plagued by scandals, including the fire hall scandal, police headquarter audit, resignation of the former chief administrative officer, and a conflict of interest case where he was scolded by a judge for holding a city-paid event in a restaurant he owned. However, some argue that under his leadership, Winnipeg has actually improved, such as downtown development. While his controversies are not as exciting as Rob Ford’s, they have created much division at city hall, and will be a major part of this election.

(此空两行)

 

Scott Fielding(姓名加粗) – Award: the news-maker.

 

By the cutoff date of this article, current Councillor (St. James – Brooklands) Scott Fielding has not officially filed his candidacy, even though he said he may run. The reason he receives the award “creates news the most” is that he has openly criticized a number of issues including rapid transit Southwest Transitway and a Universal bus pass for university students, and proposing a tax cap. Considering his previous “Here comes a wolf” story that he considered running for the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba in 2012 but pulled out at last, this time may be his chance to “move up”.

 

For voters, the most important thing is to know candidates’ platforms – whether these candidates have any opinion and idea on what issues are facing Winnipeggers and how to improve them, whether or not these candidates’ IQ and EQ are high enough to deal with internal and external issues in the city hall.

 

Over the next few months leading up to the October 22 election, we will keep an eye on how each of these candidates develop, and will report on their platforms as they are announced. When a candidate comes to your door asking for your support, don’t forget to ask them questions about issues that matter to you!

 

 

Source:料来源可放面下方)

[1] http://www.winnipegsun.com/2014/05/07/stripper-agent-enters-mayor-race

篇可不用作者介

 

第75期